Cucumber (Cucumis sativus)
The Cucumber belongs to curcurbaticeae family, it possess antibacterial, antimicrobial, antifunal characteristics and shows activities like antioxidant, phytochemical and hypoglycaemia. It is also used as traditional remedies.
Cucumbers contain high moisture content, good antioxidant activity. The fruit contains various phytochemicals like tannins, cardiac glycosides, terpenoides, carbohydrates, resins, saponins and phytosterols.
- Cucumber extracts are highly effective against several microorganisms and fungal species. The extracts are also effective against ulcerative colitis and accelerate wound healing.
- The fruit extracts can also be useful in the therapy against diabetes as it has hypoglycaemic and hypolipidemic activities.
- Research indicates that regular intake of cucumber fruit promotes healthy hair growth.
- It is useful in skin problems, sunburn and also for curing swelling under the eye. Its juice is also efficient to soften the skin texture. Placing two slices of cucumber on the eyes for 10 minutes can decrease inflammation significantly.
- Cucumber is also beneficial for curing skin infection like eczema.
- In sun stroke, pieces of cucumber are placed on the head so that a patient may breathe moistened air in order to neutralize heat of his body.
- The fruit is also considered important for weight loss.
- Traditionally, seed were used to expel intestinal worms and tapeworms. The remedy is carried out when mashed seeds mixed with sugar that should be taken before any meal.
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